Arcoxia is used for the following:
- acute and chronic treatment of the signs and symptoms of osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis
- management of ankylosing spondylitis
- relief of chronic musculoskeletal pain
- relief of acute pain
- to treat acute gouty arthritis
Your doctor will prescribe Arcoxia for you only after you have used other medicines for your condition and they have not been suitable for you.
Your doctor will want discuss your treatment with Arcoxia from time to time. It is important that you use the lowest dose that controls your pain and you should not take Arcoxia for longer than necessary. This is because the risk of heart attacks and strokes might increase after prolonged treatment, especially with high doses.
Osteoarthritis is a joint disease. It results from the gradual breakdown of the cartilage that covers the joints and cushions the ends of bones.
Symptoms of osteoarthritis include pain, tenderness, stiffness of one or more joints, and physical disability. The hips and knees are the most commonly affected joints, but other joints such as those of the hands and spine may also be affected.
Osteoarthritis is more common in women than in men. Many factors can lead to the development of osteoarthritis including obesity and joint injury (eg. from sport).
Rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic disease that causes pain, stiffness, swelling and loss of function in the joints and inflammation in other body organs.
Ankylosing spondylitis is an inflammatory disease of the spine and large joints.
Gout is a disorder characterised by sudden, recurring attacks of pain and inflammation in one or more joints.
|Description||Arcoxia belongs to a group of medicines called cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) specific inhibitors (also known as coxibs). The body produces two similar enzymes called COX-1 and COX-2. COX-1, among other functions, is involved with protecting the stomach, while COX-2 plays a role in joint inflammation and pain. Arcoxia reduces pain and inflammation by blocking COX-2, an enzyme in the body. Arcoxia does not block COX-1, the enzyme involved in protecting the stomach from ulcers. Other anti-inflammatory medicines (NSAIDS) block both COX-1 and COX-2. Arcoxia relieves pain and inflammation with less risk of stomach ulcers compared to NSAIDS. However taking aspirin with Arcoxia may reverse this benefit (see Before you take Arcoxia, Taking Other Medicines). In clinical studies, the risk of developing ulcers on Arcoxia was lower than with NSAIDs. Some people developed ulcers whether they were taking Arcoxia or placebo in these studies; however the rate was higher on Arcoxia. If any of the following symptoms: shortness of breath, chest pains or ankle swelling appear or worsen, stop your treatment with Arcoxia and consult a doctor, as soon as is practical. If you have kidney, liver or heart disease, your doctor will want to appropriately keep a check on you. If you develop any symptoms that could indicate a severe allergic reaction such as an inability to breathe or a serious skin reaction you must consult a doctor on an urgent basis. Your doctor will want to discuss your treatment from time to time. It is important that you use the lowest dose that controls your pain and you should not take Arcoxia for longer than necessary. This is because the risk of heart attacks and strokes might increase after prolonged treatment, especially with high doses. Arcoxia can increase blood pressure in some people, especially in high doses, and this could increase the risk of heart attacks and strokes. Your doctor will want to check your blood pressure from time to time, to make sure that it is safe to continue treatment. Your doctor may have prescribed Arcoxia for another reason. Ask your doctor if you have any questions about why Arcoxia has been prescribed for you. Arcoxia is not addictive.|
|Usage||Take Arcoxia only when prescribed by your doctor. For osteoarthritis, the recommended dose is 60 mg once a day. For rheumatoid arthritis the recommended dose is 90 mg once a day. For ankylosing spondylitis the recommended dose is 90 mg once a day. For the relief of gout attacks the recommended dose is 120 mg once a day, which should only be used for the acute painful period. For the relief of chronic musculoskeletal pain the recommended dose is 60 mg once a day. Doses greater than those recommended for each condition have either not demonstrated additional efficacy or have not been studied. Therefore, the daily doses stated above for each condition should not be exceeded. If you have mild liver disease, you should not take more than 60 mg a day. If you have moderate liver disease, you should not take more than 60 mg every other day. Follow all directions given to you by your doctor carefully. They may differ from the information contained in this leaflet. If you do not understand the instructions on the box, ask your doctor or pharmacist for help. Arcoxia comes as tablets. When taking the tablets, swallow them with a glass of water. Do not halve the tablet. Take your Arcoxia at about the same time each day. Taking Arcoxia at the same time each day will have the best effect. It will also help you remember when to take the dose. It does not matter if you take Arcoxia before or after food. Do not use Arcoxia for longer than your doctor says. Your doctor will want to discuss your treatment from time to time. It is important that you use the lowest dose that controls your pain and you should not take Arcoxia for longer than necessary. This is because the risk of heart attacks and strokes might increase after prolonged treatment, especially with high doses.|